You can find the balance sheet in its annual report or in any of its quarterly reports. Locate the stockholders’ equity section, which is toward the bottom of the balance sheet. There should be a “common stock” section, which can tell you the number of issued shares as well as the number of authorized shares.
“Authorized shares” refers to the number of shares the corporation is allowed to issue under its certificate or articles of incorporation. 10 to 15 million is a commonly used range (we set 10 million as default for the Cooley GO Docs Incorporation Package).
The number of shares of common stock outstanding is a metric that tells us how many shares of a company are currently owned by investors. This can often be found in a company’s financial statements, but is not always readily available — rather, you may see terms like “issued shares” and “treasury shares” instead.
The number of shares held by each member determines how much of the company they own and control. They normally receive a percentage of trading profits that correlates with their percentage of ownership. Here are some really simple examples of popular share structures: One issued share = 100% ownership of the company.
The number of authorized shares per company is assessed at the company’s creation and can only be increased or decreased through a vote by the shareholders. If at the time of incorporation the documents state that 100 shares are authorized, then only 100 shares can be issued.
The number of outstanding shares can be found on a company’s most recent quarterly or annual filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), usually on its balance sheet in the shareholders’ equity section.
To control a company, all you need is to own enough shares to override 50 percent of the vote. Many shareholders don’t vote, so in practice, company decisions can be controlled by major shareholders who own less than 50 percent of the company’s stock.
Regardless of your launch capital, 10 million authorized shares is generally the sweet spot for a new startup. But just because 10 million shares have been authorized doesn’t mean that all or even most of them should be immediately allocated or issued to founders, or dumped in the employee stock option pool.
Share. The term “authorized, issued and outstanding” refers to shares in a company that have been sold publicly. They are “authorized” because they fall within the maximum number of shares a company can sell according to its corporate charter. They are “issued” because they have been sold.
By itself, it is not intrinsically good or bad. However, what is significant is the number of shares outstanding. Shares outstanding are useful for calculating many widely used measures of a company, like its market capitalization and earnings per share.
Private limited companies are prohibited from making any invitation to the public to subscribe to shares of the company. Shares of a private limited company can also not be issued to more than 200 shareholders, as per the Companies Act, 2013.