What are the two components of an ionic bond?
Ionic bonds involve a cation and an anion. The bond is formed when an atom, typically a metal, loses an electron or electrons, and becomes a positive ion, or cation.
ionic bond, also called electrovalent bond, type of linkage formed from the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions in a chemical compound. Such a bond forms when the valence (outermost) electrons of one atom are transferred permanently to another atom.
In ionic bonding, atoms transfer electrons to each other. Ionic bonds require at least one electron donor and one electron acceptor. In contrast, atoms with the same electronegativity share electrons in covalent bonds, because neither atom preferentially attracts or repels the shared electrons.
Metal. Because of the presence of a metallic element, most ionic compounds retain the physical characteristics of metals, chief of which is that they are good conductors of heat and electricity. However, the solid form of an ionic compound is not nearly as good at conducting electricity as when it is dissolved in water …
How are electrons transferred in an ionic bond?
In ionic bonding, electrons are completely transferred from one atom to another. In the process of either losing or gaining negatively charged electrons, the reacting atoms form ions. The oppositely charged ions are attracted to each other by electrostatic forces, which are the basis of the ionic bond.
Why are electrons transferred in ionic bonds?
The atom losing one or more electrons becomes a cation—a positively charged ion. The atom gaining one or more electron becomes an anion—a negatively charged ion. When the transfer of electrons occurs, an electrostatic attraction between the two ions of opposite charge takes place and an ionic bond is formed.
What does sharing electrons mean?
Electron ‘sharing’ occurs when the electrons in the outermost electron shell, or valence shell electrons, from one atom can be used to complete the outermost electron shell of another atom without being permanently transferred, as occurs in the formation of an ion.
When electrons are shared between two atoms, they make a bond called a covalent bond. Because two atoms are sharing one pair of electrons, this covalent bond is called a single bond. … These two atoms can do the same thing that the H atoms did; they share their unpaired electrons to make a covalent bond.