By Issuing bonus shares the number of outstanding shares in the market increases and at the same time value of each share decreases according to the bonus issue ratio but if more demand generates the share price can rise more than the decided post bonus price.
To calculate the share price after bonus issues, companies must divide the total value of shares of the company before the bonus issue on the number of shares of the company after the bonus issue.
Is bonus issue good or bad?
Since bonus issue leads to an increase in the outstanding shares, the per share metrics – book value, earnings, dividends etc and share price, all get adjusted (downwards) depending upon the ratio that the company has announced. It is obvious that a bonus issue does not guarantee improved fundamentals for a firm.
It is beneficial for the long-term shareholders of the company who want to increase their investment. … Bonus shares give positive sign to the market that the company is committed towards long term growth story. Bonus shares increase the outstanding shares which in turn enhances the liquidity of the stock.
Companies issue bonus shares to encourage retail participation and increase their equity base. When price per share of a company is high, it becomes difficult for new investors to buy shares of that particular company. Increase in the number of shares reduces the price per share.
What is the impact of bonus issue?
Because issuing bonus shares increases the issued share capital of the company, the company is perceived as being bigger than it really is, making it more attractive to investors. In addition, increasing the number of outstanding shares decreases the stock price, making the stock more affordable for retail investors.
Under the Indian Income Tax Act, the cost of the bonus shares is considered as zero. This means that when bonus shares are sold, the entire selling price is considered as capital gains.
How does bonus issue work?
Bonus shares are fully paid additional shares issued by a company to its existing shareholders. When a firm issues bonus shares, its shareholders do not have to incur any extra costs to get them. The number of bonus shares you receive depends on the number of shares of the firm you already hold.
A rights issue is one way for a cash-strapped company to raise capital often to pay down debt. Shareholders can buy new shares at a discount for a certain period. With a rights issue, because more shares are issued to the market, the stock price is diluted and will likely go down.
You will be eligible for Bonus shares only if you’ve held shares on the Ex-date, or sold shares on the Ex date (due to the T+2 settlement cycle). For Ex:- if the ex-date for Bonus is 10th April, you need to buy the stock on or before 9th of April to be eligible for the Bonus.