A covalent bond consists of the mutual sharing of one or more pairs of electrons between two atoms. These electrons are simultaneously attracted by the two atomic nuclei. A covalent bond forms when the difference between the electronegativities of two atoms is too small for an electron transfer to occur to form ions.
Which pair of atoms is held together by a covalent bond?
A covalent bond is the force of attraction that holds together two atoms that share a pair of valence electrons. Covalent bonds form only between atoms of nonmetals. The two atoms that are held together in a covalent bond may be atoms of the same element or different elements.
How do an ionic bond and a covalent bond differ?
Ionic bonds form when a nonmetal and a metal exchange electrons, while covalent bonds form when electrons are shared between two nonmetals. An ionic bond is a type of chemical bond formed through an electrostatic attraction between two oppositely charged ions.
What is difference between ionic bond and covalent bond?
In ionic bonds, one atom donates an electron to stabilize the other atom. In a covalent bond, the atoms are bound by the sharing of electrons. Atoms that participate in an ionic bond have different electronegativity values from each other. … A polar bond is formed by the attraction between oppositely-charged ions.